Rusk, David. 1993. Cities without Suburbs.
Cities without Suburbs is based on David Rusks experience as mayor of
In addressing the practical side of implementing regionalism, Rusk contends that restructuring local governments is not a task for the federal government. Rather, it is a responsibility of citizens and political leaders at the local and state levels. He examines the mechanisms and politics of creating what he calls metro governments, and presents three specific options for the creation of metro governments:
1. Empowering Urban Counties
The most direct and efficient way to create metropolitan government in the majority of metro areas is to empower urban county government. In this scenario, the county government assumes the functions and responsibilities of the municipal governments within its boundaries, and municipalities are abolished.
2. Consolidating Cities and Counties
This involves creating area-wide governmental units, focusing on consolidating municipal governments with their surrounding county governments. Consolidation brings unification of the tax base and centralization of planning and zoning.
3. Combining Counties into Regional Governments
This involves combining several counties in the same metropolitan area into one regional government.
Challenges to these regional approaches include potential loss of power at the local level. Minority constituencies may have less voice in the issues affecting them directly. Also, different municipalities may have different problems depending on their history, geographic location and economic capacities.