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Warner, Zhang and González-Rivas, 2020. Which States and Cities Protect Residents from Water Shutoffs in the COVID-19 Pandemic? Working Paper

Many states and cities have imposed water disconnection moratoriums during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using logistic and Cox Proportional-Hazards models we assess factors that differentiate which governments imposed moratoriums. States which regulate private water utilities were more likely to impose moratoriums, and those with higher April COVID-19 cases imposed moratoriums earlier. States with unified Republican Control and cities with more Trump voters were less likely to impose moratoriums on water disconnection. Cities, in states without statewide moratoriums, were more likely to impose their own moratoriums if they had higher income, more minorities and more inequality.

35 states and over 400 cities implemented moratoriums on water disconnections during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Moratoriums were more likely in states with higher COVID-19 case rates and cities with greater need and capacity.
Moratoriums were less likely in states and cities with Republican control.

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Subject: COVID-19